BANDUNG - INDONESIA
parijs van java
Bandung is one of the
several beautiful places in the maritime continent of Indonesia.
Where Bali island is one of them.
is the capital city of West Java Province, about 180 km (about
110 miles) southern from Jakarta, the capital city of Republic of
Indonesia. It lies between 107o 36' East-Longitude and
6o 55' South-Latitude and about 768 m above the sea
level. The average temperatures range from 18oC to 30oC
with 70% humidity and 1,884 mm rainfall per year. The population
were 2,056,915 people in the year 1990 and the population were
17,378 people/sq km. Most of the people are Sundanese and they
speak Sundanese Language. Bahasa Indonesia and English are spoken
With this above
geographic data, Bandung becomes a big city surrounded by cool
and nice mountainous areas. Due to its beautiful panoramas,
friendliness and high creativity of the people with beautiful
girls called "Mojang Priangan", Bandung is well known
as the flower city.
of Bandung was a lake which then became dry, surrounded by
beautiful tangles of mountain peaks. According to the legend
lives among the local people, the name of Bandung derived from
bendung (dam). The dam was built across the Citarum river by
Sangkuriang to fulfil the wedding condition decreed by Dayang
Sumbi as his bride-to be. Because Dayang Sumbi had known that
Sangkuriang was her missing son, so the creating some efforts to
fail Sangkuriang was will as if Sangkuriang couldn't fulfil the
task on time. Dayang Sumbi then disappeared and her magic scraf
touched one of the edge of the lake which made it burst into and
then the lake became dry. On this drying lake the city of Bandung
established until now.
Wiranatakusuma I, the
regent of Bandung in the year 1794 to 1829, who had moved the
capital city of Bandung from Karapyak to the square town
performed many service for the development of Bandung. The
landlords of the tea plantations around Bandung who had built a
lot of beautiful building also played an important role in
developing Bandung. The same goes for the Dutch Colonial
Government, the settlement and the comfortable resting areas.
its role as the center of the government of West Java Province,
Bandung nowadays becomes an important city for business
activities, education, industry and tourism. Therefore Bandung
has been completed by many facilities for the necessity of local
people and the tourists. Due to the creativity of the regional
government as well as the local people, Bandung becomes a city
which has accepted many awards from both levels: national and
international. Bandung also often becomes a pioneer in many kinds
of activities throughout Indonesia, so that a lot of tourists are
interested in visiting it.
Take a pleasure in the tourist wonder of West Java! West Java is one of
the most spectacular of all of the provinces in the Republic of Indonesia. It occupies the western part of Java island, bordered by Central Java on the east, by Indian ocean on the south, separated from Sumatera island by Sunda strait on the west, and it shares border with Jakarta capital of Republic of Indonesia on the north;
provides visitors with a true variety of experiences. Sundanese, the people of West Java ore noted for rich art and culture. Wayang Golek or the whole-night puppet show, Angklung bamboo music, and jaipong dance are performing arts which are most popular within people. Come and enjoy this world of praises, marvel at its natural beauty, enjoy the hospitality of its people, experience its wonders and feel the true warmth... You can find several beautiful places to go.
Here are some magnificents of West Java:
- Just two and a half hours from Jakarta by car are the seaside resorts of
Anyer and Carita which border the Sunda Straits. The magnificent Krakatau which shook the world more than a century ago (1883); the Ujungkulon national park, the only place in the
world where you can still see a single horned Rhino; the ancient city of Banten, home to the past glory of West Java, with its historic mosques and magical places; these are just some of delights for visitors to the breath-taking Sunda Strait.
Banten is one of the Asia's largest cosmopolitan trading imperium. Its port was visited by ships from Malacca, China, Vietnam, India, Arab, Portugal and Netherlands. You can explore ruins of the "Old Palace" or Istana Kasepuhan and ruins of Istana Kaibon or the "Mother palace". The Old Banten square is a heavily fortified with compound covering 4.5 Ha. Surrounded by crumbling walls. Banten kingdom used to be protected by a thick outer wall enclosing the fortified palace with the square at its center, and was surrounded by a large market and a number of crowded ethnic quarters inhabited by Malay, Chinese, Gujarati and Abyssinian traders.
Opposite of the square are the Grand Mosque of Banten, a place of worship for Muslim since 1566 and a museum that houses artifacts discovered during the excavation ot the palace. Notrhwest of the square are the ruins of Dutch fortress Speelwijk built in 1682 to control trade activity of Banten kingdom. West of it lies the red and yellow wan-Deyuan temple, one of the oldest and largest Chinese temple on Java. Some 30-minute ride from Banten lama lies Cilegon, a town of steel industry. Here the road beaches, 13 Km to the north is Merak where ferries links Java with Sumatera island. While to the south is the West Coast, a stretch of more than 50 Km beginning from Anyer to Carita beach and on to Tanjung Lesung.
- One hour's journey by road south of Jakarta, Puncak has been the traditional weekend retreat for generations of the capital city's residents. As well as the fresh mountain air, there are many attractions nearby, the Bogor and Cibodas botanical gardens; the Gede and Pangrango national park; these are just some of the delights for visitors to the magnificent Puncak Pass area.
Go down to Bogor, you can find one of the biggest botanical garden in the world. Situated just behind the stunning presidential palace in Bogor. It covers 110 Ha of land, established by the Dutch in 1817 and laid out under the direction of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, with an assistance of a botanist from London. The garden is renowned for its range of tropical botanical specimens, features pathways through bamboo stand, rattan, orchids, water lilies, fountain lakes, a miniature tropical rainforest and zoological museum. ABout 15,000 native plants collected from all over Indonesia and foreign species introduced from many tropical countries are now grown in the garden. Many economic and ornamental plants imported into the country were introduced through the garden. Some of them are Amherstia (1851), Cinchona (1852) and Rubber (1876).
There is an excellent zoological museum in the southern part of the garden, with immense collection of 30,000 speciments of land and sea creatures from throughout Indonesia and richly illustrated library of this botanical zone.
Adjoining the garden is the Bogor Presidential Palace. It stands on 28 Ha of land with about 100 big trees and a flock of deer sent from mainland Asia in 1811. The 14,800 sqm complex comprises the main building and two wings. Five pavilions were built in 1954, unattached to the main complex. Another pavilion called Diah Bayurini was later added. Renovated by Raffles in 1811 and again by Governor Generals Daendels adn Van der Capellen. It was completely renovated in 1834, the palace seems as if it were located in the midst of tropical jungle, the best place for relaxation after a busy life in Jakarta. That was why a Dutch Governor General Baron van Imhoff considered this place as his country house in 1745, that he named it Buitenzorg or "Out of Worries".
Nearby Bogor and Puncak, you can visit Taman Safari - a free-range zoo on the mountain slopes where lions and tigers graze in open spaces. Both indigenous and imported exotic wildlife roam free while visitors drive through in closed vehicles. Taman Safari is also renowned for its succesful breeding program. Minibus for visitors for tour into the garden is available.
Halfway between Taman Safari and Puncak lies Gunung Mas tea plantation area and tea factory. Here you can enjoy a breathtaking view of green velvet tea plantation covering over the hills and see tea processing - beginning from the tea leaves up to the final work. The site also offers a refreshing overnight stay at cool mountain breeze where well preserved Dutch guest houses available.
After Puncak, a turn off to the right leads you to Cibodas Botanic Garden. This 60 Ha garden was laid out in 1852 to study temperature and mountain flora and fauna from around the world and to pioneer work on Cinchona (quinine) and coffee. For its beauty the park was called the Asian garden of Eden. Area of Cibodas parks include virgin native jungle, the starting point for a day hike up to peaks of Mt. Gede and Mt. Pangrango.
- Legendary of Pelabuhan Ratu area, is another magnificent of West Java. Pelabuhan Ratu, the home of Ratu Kidul, the queen of the South seas is only three hours by car from Jakarta. When you visit this exciting beach resort area, there's a lots to do, you can pay a visit to the fish market, see the unique marine ceremonies; watch sea turtles laying their eggs at Pangumbahan beach - and if you are looking for adventure, a white water rafting trip on the Citarik river will be an unforgettable experience - there are just some of delights for visitors to the legendary Pelabuhan Ratu area.
- The royal city of Cirebon, the centre of West Java royalty, has a unique treasures and traditions of the past. Cirebon is a meeting place of many different cultures, a unique mix of Sundanese, Islamic, Chinese and even Hindu and pre-Hindu cultures. Cirebon is the only 16th century Islamic state in West Java that has survived to the present day with its palaces and royal families. It possesses the finest surviving examples of earlier Hindu-period court architechture. The forecourt (Siti Inggil) pavilion of Cirebon's Karaton Kasepuhan and Kanoman retain a design typical of 13th and 14th century. Each palace has a museum, preserving Paksi Naga Liman and Singa Barong royal carriages.
Masjig Agung or "Grand Mosque" lies on the western side of the old town square completed in 1500, s the oldest mosque in West Java.
For interest on the past architechture, visit Sunyaragi caves, a fanciful royal pleasure garden cum fortress 4.5 Km southwest of the city center. Completed in 1703, originally surrounded by a moat, containing bathing pools and meditation chambers for the Sultan and his wives.
Just a short journey from Cirebon is the spa resort of Sangkanurip where you can relax and enjoy the therapeutic hot springs of Ciremai.
- Pangandaran experience area, is just seven hours by car from Jakarta or four and a half hours from Bandung. The beautiful Pangandaran region is a truly unforgettable experience. Here you can swi, safely and enjoy the beautiful beaches, visit the Pananjung natural reserve with its amazing green canyon, go back in time at the historical Cangkuang Temple or see the bamboo craft centre at Rajapolah. The beach "Pantai Pananjung" is quite popular for walking, swimming, touring around by rental bike, or just strolling. It also offers a jungle trekking to explore wildlife of the Pananjung nature reserve on the tip of the peninsula.
- Your trip trough West Java would not be complete without a visit to Bandung it self; the capital city of West Java province, which ringed by active volcanoes. Tangkuban Parahu in the north and Kamojang to the south of the East. You can also enjoy spas and hot springs in Ciater or Cipanas, both just a short drive from Bandung.
Bandung is also known as the capital of Afro Asian. Because its ambience and sophistication, Bandung is also noted for a fine legacy of a fine tropical Deco architecture dating from 1920s.
Bandung plesant climate and lush surroundings have offered an escape from the heat of the lowlands since the mid 19th century when it was the heart of the region's most prosperous plantation area. Despite of the modern amenities, still retains much of its colonial era charm. Since recently Bandung has been known as a city of education as it is manifested in its many universities and modern industries. Bandung is now also renowned for shopping, particularly for shoes, textiles, clothing and denims which are found in the colourful jeans street. Bandung with its cool mountain air is popular stay over for travellers enroute through Java - Bali overland.
Along the historic Asia-Africa road, you can see alluring example of art deco; Gedung Merdeka which was famed in 1955 when the first Asia Africa Conference took place, Savoy Homann hotel and Grand Hotel Preanger nearby. Other buildings include the stylistic Institut Teknologi Bandung, the most important building of the colonial era, Gedung Sate and villa Isola. Gedung Sate is one of the most impressive architectural heritage landmarks that reflects the heyday of Indo European style. It was built in the periode of 1920 - 1926, and is most fascinating and well maintained. In the Dutch period in Indonesia the building was noted as Gouvernement Bedrijven Building (GB Building). Now it is the Provincial Government of West Java (Pemda Jawa Barat) where the Governor has his office. The site has beautiful landscaping all around with view of Mt. Tangkuban Parahu in distance. Near Gedung Sate at the same road (Jl. Diponegoro) you can find a geological museum, well worth checking out for its Volcano dioramas, and others.
For great view of the city, head up to the Dago Tea House and Dago waterfall. At Dago Tea House you can enjoy the view of illuminating Bandung by night. Continue up hill is a refreshing 50 Ha reservation site that preserves over 2500 kind of trees from 40 families and 108 species. You can stroll around in the Juanda park, visit underground fortification made by the Dutch and Japanese, or hike up into the hills above Dago as far as Maribaya nearby Lembang.
You can easily spend a day to the north of Bandung to explore the crater of Mt. Tangkuban Parahu - the drive in volcano, and the nearby hot spring resort of Ciater and Maribaya. Mt. Tangkuban Parahu is Bandung's most famous tourist volcano located just 28 Km north of the city. This volcano offers you many things to see and explore. Whether you look only the huge main "Queen crater", climb up its top, or hike down to Domas crater, or simply enjoy the splendid panoramic view. Nearby interesting sites include Ciater hot spring, Jayagiri forest track near Lembang, camping site Cikole, and Maribaya spa.
- Sundanese smile ;-) is another wonder of West Java.... reflecting true Sundanese hospitality.
Suggested website about Bandung and West Java:
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last revised: 2002.09.14